Issue No. 1 of the Annual Volume XCII

  • Maria KARPLUK: Will the Dictionary of 16th Century Polish and other corpus-based dictionaries of subsequent periods confirm Prof. Witold Mańczak's theory?
    Giving the example of vocative ke! księże! recorded in the Dictionary of 16th Century Polish relatively rarely, but frequent in non-excerpted polemical Conversations by Wit Korczewski, the authoress points to the validity of Prof. Mańczak’s theory. Yet, a further explanation of the history of this form, i.e. in which environment it originated, by whom it was used, to whom it was addressed and why it disappeared, belongs to sociolinguistics. Contemporary corpus-based dictionaries, gathering multimillion examples of current lexicon, will be able to capture in statu nascendi and digitally confirm this brilliantly simple theory.
  • Aleksandra KRAWCZYK-WIECZOREK: Automatic lemmatization of a text in phonetic transcription. A corpus of Polish local dialect from the Southern Borderland
    The paper presents an electronic corpus of the Polish dialect of the village of Maćkowce in Ukraine. For this purpose a computer tool FonOrt was created, the author of which is M. Wieczorek. The texts, transcribed in phonetic transcription in MS Word files, were afterwards converted to XML and lemmatized. Lemmatization was achieved by attributing to each token an appropriate sequence of signs which could be interpreted by a morphological analyzer of Polish. It was usually an appropriate standard Polish form (e.g. kubita kobieta, chudzima chodzimy). Thereafter the program imputed lemmas to attained word forms using the Morfeusz SIaT analyzer. To lemmatize lexical borrowings and Polish dialectal words (selected from the texts manually) a list of their word forms was automatically created. In the corpus created using the methods described above each token is annotated with an appropriate lemma and additional information like the speaker. One can search the corpus using the tool Poliqarp.
  • Leszek SZYMAŃSKI: Spelling Conventions in an Internet Chat Room
    This article presents an analysis of word spelling in an Internet text-based chat room. The research in question was carried out with the use of corpus linguistics methodology. The author presents selected corpus statistics, after which he contrasts his corpus with a corpus of general Polish. Further, he goes on to depict various conventions used by Internet chatters. Although the language phenomena discussed in this article are not relatively new issues, this time the author’s remarks are based on quantitative analyses. This makes these investigations reliably empirically-grounded.
  • Małgorzata PACHOWICZ: In (dis)agreement with language standards in web portals
    The issues addressed in the article concern the problem of the correctness of the Internet users who, in the web portals Onet, Interia, Wirtualna Polska, have made comments on the death of Henryk Mikołaj Górecki, a Polish composer. Their remarks are characterized by the incorrect record (with spelling mistakes and without Polish diacritical marks), the use of slang vocabulary and grammar mistakes. Communicative background, spontaneity, expressiveness and rush influenced the language register. The Internet users opinions and comments do not comply with the standards, and they can be accepted only because of the effectiveness of their communication (expressing the feelings after the composer’s death).
  • Mariola JAKUBOWICZ: A different approach to the etymology of the word praca work
    In the current paper I present an etymological explanation of the Polish word praca work. This proposition is not new but seems to have been almost forgotten. What is more, it has not yet been presented in Polish scientific literature. Formally correct etymology is based on the semantic motivation of words denoting the work. The semantic aspect makes it more credible than the other (more popular) solution presented in etymological dictionaries.
  • Monika KASZA: The Illustrated Dictionary of Polish Language by M. Arct as a work of popular science from the first half of the 20th century
    The main subject of the article is The Illustrated Dictionary of Polish Language by M. Arct as a work of popular science from the first half of the twentieth century. It briefly presents the author of the dictionary, the history of editions, its structure and character. Besides, opinions concerning the dictionary in contemporary linguistic literature are also included. The research part of the article is devoted to the methods of defining the names of plants and animals with regard to popular science properties. The analysis contains the most popular elements of definitions and takes notice of the meaning of illustrations in linguistic definitions. The analysis of the dictionary from the first half of the twentieth century has been based on contemporary meta-lexicographical and semantic theories.
  • Jadwiga LIZAK: Dialogue with popular culture in contemporary literature for teenagers
    For many years various works inspired by new genres which occurred in communication between the 20th and 21st century have been appearing on the publishing market. It is worth noticing that there are novels based on such statements as e-mail messages, blogs, chats, text messages or advertisements. The last of them which is advertisement is especially present in the literature for teenagers. The texts introduce advertisement in form of the literal quotation or in a modified version in which the interpretational key is the knowledge of the text of the actual advert as well as the ability to decipher the game/play by the means of the popular culture language. It is a fact that the novels of Marta Fox, an author popular among the youth, are mainly based on such a mechanism and those novels are the matter of the analysis.
  • Józef JAWORSKI: Linguistic image of the chief leader of the 1794 uprising
    The present publication gives a portrait of Tadeusz Kosciuszko – a national hero of the 1794 uprising, based on journalistic texts from the late eighteenth century. The description refers to the cognitive theory of the linguistic image of the world. The hero’s characteristics are presented in three profiles: a) the profile of a defender of the poor, b) the profile of a leader of the nation, c) the profile of the chief leader of an uprising.


  • Stanisław BĄBA: An upper or lower case letter? Derivative adjectives of proper nouns referring to people as a part of idiomatic phrases


  • Małgorzata BRZOZOWSKA: Etymologia a konotacja słowa. Studia semantyczne (by Jakub BOBROWSKI)
  • Małgorzata FABISZAK: A conceptual metaphor approach to war discourse and its implications


  • Piotr ŻMIGRODZKI: Celebration of the 2012 Mother Language Day
  • Agnieszka SIERADZKA-MRUK Report from the international academic conference Slavic Languages from a Sociolinguistic Perspective