PIOTR ŻMIGRODZKI: Computational linguistics or just linguistics?
ARTICLES AND DISSERTATIONS
MAGDALENA DERWOJEDOWA: Computational linguistics and language engineering after 1989The paper presents research on NLP in Poland in the last 25 years. In this review tools and resources for syntactical and morphological research with the exception of corpora and dictionaries have been presented. Formal grammars, parsers, taggers, morphological analysers, valence dictionaries, wordnets, multi-word dictionaries and other lexical resources of this kind are briefly discussed.
MACIEJ OGRODNICZUK: Natural language processing for Polish: today and tomorrowThe article attempts at framing directions for future work on computational processing of Polish in the face of recent intensive development of electronic tools and resources and close co-operation between Polish research centres involved in computational linguistics. The author regards renewing the work on the National Corpus of Polish as the most important topic, naming it the basic resource for Polish linguistics and listing the most urgent objectives: extension of the sources and linguistic representation as well as inclusion of diachronic, dialectical and parallel corpora. With respect to language technology, the author calls for enrichment of formal description of Polish with syntactic, semantic and discourse-feature representation and constant improvement of quality of tools and resources by means of co-operation between linguists and computer scientists.
ADAM PRZEPIÓRKOWSKI, ELŻBIETA HAJNICZ, ANNA ANDRZEJCZUK, AGNIESZKA PATEJUK, MARCIN WOLIŃSKI: Walenty: a thorough syntactico-semantic valency dictionary of PolishThe paper presents a new valency dictionary of Polish, developed by the Linguistic Engineering Group at the Polish Academy of Sciences. The dictionary, called Walenty, while still under development, is already (as of late 2016) the biggest and most detailed valency dictionary of Polish, the only one which fully integrates syntax, semantics (not only selectional preferences, but also semantic roles) and phraseology. The size and the degree of precision of Walenty justify the use of the adjective ‘thorough’ (Pol. ‘gruntowny’) in the title
of this paper. The dictionary is freely available – searchable via any browser and downloadable in a variety of formats.
AGNIESZKA PATEJUK, ADAM PRZEPIÓRKOWSKI: POLFIE: a contemporary formal grammar of PolishThis paper presents the new formal grammar of Polish, POLFIE, couched in Lexical Functional Grammar. The paper introduces the basics of LFG, discusses the way of representing syntactic structures in LFG and demonstrates the power of the LFG formalism on the basis of the analysis of selected phenomena of Polish in POLFIE. The paper shows that the LFG theory makes it possible to provide a formalised, adequate and linguistically deep description of syntactic phenomena such as: syntactic control, predicative arguments, the haplology of się, unbounded dependencies and coordination; it also takes into account interactions between these. POLFIE is accompanied by a computer implementation in XLE.
MAŁGORZATA MARCINIAK, AGNIESZKA MYKOWIECKA, PIOTR RYCHLIK: Automatic extraction of domain terminology from text corporaEvery knowledge domain or form of communication has its own characteristic vocabulary. In the traditional approach, dictionaries containing words and multi-word terms identifying important concepts and their lexical equivalents were created by specialists in a subject area. This method, however, is very time-consuming and therefore inadequate, especially for rapidly changing domains. In this paper we present a computer program allowing for automatic identification of noun phrases being potential domain terms and their ranking according to some measure of significance.
WITOLD KIERAŚ, MARCIN WOLIŃSKI: Morfeusz 2 – an inflectional analyser and generator for PolishMorfeusz is a well known application, used in Polish computational linguistics for over a decade. In the paper we present a new version of the program, focusing on new features which have been introduced since the previous version.
WITOLD KIERAŚ, MARCIN WOLIŃSKI: Grammatical Dictionary of Polish – an online versionIn the paper we present a new online version of the Grammatical Dictionary of Polish. We focus on new features which have been introduced since the previous editions of the dictionary which were available as a desktop application. The most interesting changes include a full view of inflectional patterns together with their new systematization and significantly extended searching tools allowing to filter entries of the dictionary based on various criteria. Some practical examples of using these new features are presented.
MONIKA CZEREPOWICKA, ZYGMUNT SALONI: On the inflection of the verbs with the stems mleć and plećThe article discusses the contemporary situation of the lexical variants of two Polish verbs: mleć : mielić, pleć : pielić (and their prefixed derivatives). As a rule Polish dictionaries give the hybrid paradigms with the majority forms built from the traditional variants mleć and pleć, but the participle and the gerund are taken from the new variants mielić and pielić, belonging to the productive conjugational pattern (mielony, mielenie; pielony, pielenie instead of the old forms mlety, mlecie; plety, plecie, now completely obsolete). In Polish text corpora the old variants are seemingly prevalent, but this is the result of automatic tagging, favoring the variants accepted by traditional normative dictionaries. In fact, new variants are more frequent. In conclusion, the authors propose to divide the paradigms according to their history and to recognize mielić and pielić as neutral variants. This solution has been introduced in the new on-line edition of the Grammatical Dictionary of Polish.
MARCIN KUCZOK: Types of metonymic motivation in Polish euphemismsThe article aims at presenting the metonymic motivation behind euphemisms in the Polish language. Euphemisms are used by speakers as tools for coping with the negatively charged sphere of taboo that is present in culture. They allow both the speaker and the hearer to save their faces, and to follow the principles of politeness in language. The study is based on works in the field of cognitive linguistics, in which metonymy is perceived as a cognitive mechanism that is conceptual in nature. Among the analyzed examples four groups of Polish euphemisms are distinguished, according to the four types of metonymy motivating their creation: formal metonymy, referential metonymy, propositional metonymy, and illocutionary metonymy.
JOANNA DUSKA, DOROTA MIKA: The fifteenth-century hejstać and contemporary hejtować – about verbal aggressionThe title of the article contains two words in the field of verbal aggression: the Old Polish verb hejstać – unique in the light of preserved materials, dating back to the fifteenth century – and the contemporary Polish verb hejtować – a very popular borrowing from English. The authors clarify their meanings, refer to their etymology and identify their common origin from *hatjan. Finally, authors compare them with other words in this field, based on their semantic motivation.
MONIKA BUŁAWA: New uses of the verb masakrować in contemporary PolishThe article presents the semantic development of the verb masakrować in contemporary Polish. Meanings of this lexeme not recorded in dictionaries of Polish have been discussed. Particular attention has been paid to the popularity it is gaining in texts regarding political topics where it is used to reportwords ofa third party (in sentences like Korwin masakruje lewaka).
ABOUT PHENOMENA OF CONTEMPORARY LANGUAGE
- BOGUSŁAW DUNAJ: Declension and grammatical gender of the nouns show, talk show and the like
- BARBARA ŚCIGAŁA-STILLER: Agnieszka Sieradzka-Mruk, „Radość i nadzieja, smutek i trwoga” w nabożeństwie drogi krzyżowej. Wybrane aspekty ewolucji dyskursu religijnego w XX wieku na przykładzie leksyki dotyczącej uczuć
DISCUSSIONS AND POLEMICS
- JANUSZ S. BIEŃ: Legal status of resolutions regarding spelling rules
- ANDRZEJ MARKOWSKI: A reply to Prof. Janusz Bień’s polemic
- PRZEMYSŁAW WIATROWSKI: A report from the 5th academic conference in the series Prospects of contemporary Polish phraseology with the title Phraseology in styles and speech acts, Poznań, November 7, 2016
- Publishing novelties