Issue No. 1 of the Annual Volume XCIX


  • RAFAŁ SZEPTYŃSKI: Kuryłowicz’s reconstruction of the prehistory of the Polish comparative
    This article summarizes and critically discusses Jerzy Kuryłowicz’s views on the origin of the Polish (Slavic, Indo-European) comparative. Above all, the hypothesis concerning the emergence of the Proto-Indo-European suffix *-i̯os- (Slavic *-’ьš-, Polish -sz-) has been challenged. Furthermore, the source of the extension within the Slavic suffix *-ě-jьš- (Polish -ejsz-) and accentological issues (with particular emphasis on the Polish material) have been discussed. The question of originality of the hypotheses presented in Kuryłowicz’s works has also been addressed.
  • WOJCIECH WŁOSKOWICZ: Theory of toponymic usus – key theses
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the most important elements and theses of the newly developed theory of toponymic usus which explains the mechanisms of dissemination of various variants of geographical names. The presented theory introduces the concepts of  toponymic usus, individual usus and collective usus. The theory includes an inventory of individual and social factors forming the toponymic usus. The influence of the selected factors has been illustrated with examples of several geographical names form the Hutsul region which are present in texts in Polish: Pop Iwan, Żabie/Werchowyna, Rafajłowa, Stoh/Stóg, Hnitessa.
  • MIROSŁAW MICHALIK, EWA CZAPLEWSKA, ANNA SOLAK, ANNA SZKOTAK: Pace of articulation and pace of speech in unbalanced simultaneous bilingualism (using speech samples from Flemish and Polish speaking children)
    The aim of the article is to describe the pace of speech of children with unbalanced simultaneous bilingualism who speak Flemish and Polish. Polish language (as L2) was the main focus of the research and, accordingly, the results of the study were compared to the control group which consisted of monolingual Polish children. During the research we used software which allowed for the measurement of both the articulation rate and the speaking rate. The obtained numerical data was statistically analysed. The following parameters influencing the pace of speech were studied in each stage of the research: average speaking and articulation rate, the average ratio of the pauses in the speech samples, the average duration of all the pauses, the average duration of the proper pauses, the average duration of the filled pauses, the average duration of the semi-filled pauses. The research group consisted of 16 Flemish-Polish speaking students at the age of nine and the control group included 16 monolingual Polish speaking students at the age of nine. The data obtained during the analysis of 32 speech samples confirmed that the processing of L2 is significantly slower in terms of articulatory and sentence-building fluency. The slower pace of sentence building, caused by the slower rates of articulation and speaking, is the direct result of the bilingualism of the students form the research group.
  • MAŁGORZATA ŚWIĘCICKA: Bulgaria and the Bulgarian as a category of linguistic and cultural studies
    The purpose of the article is a linguistic and cultural reconstruction of various ways of depicting Bulgaria and Bulgarians. The author refers to the assumptions of the theory of cultural linguistics and methodology. The source of the linguistic material are dictionary data and actual speech samples of young Poles. As a result we received, based on different semantic categories and a fundamentally positive valuation, not only a depiction of a state but also a sublingually conditioned depiction of its citizens.
    Although the sketch is only a reconnaissance in its nature, it may be a starting point for a reconstruction of the indicated semantic categories on the basis of different texts, diversified generically and functionally.
  • MAGDALENA PIETRZAK: Multistylistic features of journalistic texts: The example
    of the 19th-century news chronicle
    The aim of this article is to define the characteristic features of the 19th century news chronicle. I have approached this problem from the perspective of genologically-oriented linguistic stylistics (using the method of describing journalism genres put forward by Maria Wojtak). The analysis covers the corpus of ca. 100 news chronicles published in Gazeta Polska in years 1874–1882. The news chronicle was a very popular genre in the 19th century Polish press. Apart from providing information, it featured commentaries and evaluative texts, as well as official administrative announcements. This shows that the multistylistic features of the news chronicle result from its generic syncretism.
  • OLGA KIELAK: That night the cattle spoke human language among themselves and they spoke Polish. Voices of domestic animals in colloquial Polish and the Polish language of folklore
    The article analyses the “speech” of selected domestic animals in the Polish language and Polish folk culture. The analysis is conducted in accordance with the methodology of the Lublin Słownik stereotypów i symboli ludowych [Dictionary of Folk Stereotypes and Symbols] (concept developer and editor: J. Bartmiński, vice-editor: S. Niebrzegowska-Bartmińska). Following the model of describing animals in Slavic traditional culture proposed by Aleksander Gura, the author distinguishes two types of acoustic characteristics – the characteristics of animal voices, i.e. sounds and voices produced by animals (consistent with the facet VOICE OF ANIMAL) and the characteristics of speech, i.e. human speech performed by animals (consistent with the facet ANIMAL AS AN INTERLOCUTOR AND ADDRESSEE).
  • JAKUB BOBROWSKI: Making use of film dialogue lists by lexicographic description of the contemporary Polish language
    The article discusses the possibility of  using film dialogue lists for creating dictionaries of the contemporary Polish language. It turns out that a lexicographer may find a lot of rare, substandard or forgotten words in them. Screenwriters use this kind of vocabulary for stylistic purposes, but they take it from authentic language. They are especially interested  in sociolects which are often poorly researched. Because of that, film dialogue lists should be incorporated into text corpora which are exploited by editors of dictionaries. Theoretical findings were completed by analyses of some rare words taken by the author from a popular Polish TV series 07 Come In (07 zgłoś się).


    The paper presents the project of the Diachronic Corpus of Polish (DCP), which is intended as a cohesive collection of smaller corpora, arising in various scientific centers and covering various time ranges. This corpus will include texts covering the years 1380-1939 and will complement the National Corpus of Polish. The aim of the project is creating a balanced corpus presenting the history of the development of the Polish language and constituting a data basis for language researchers and a point of comparison for the historical corpora of European and world languages. The different parts of the corpus consist of 24 million words in total, while the target NPDC will constitute a repository of 40 million words.


  • Professor Aleksandra Cieślikowa ( January 7, 1936 – December 11, 2018)


  • GRZEGORZ SZPILA: Dorota Połowniak-Wawrzonek, Stałe związki frazeologiczne i przysłowia w dziełach Aleksandra Fredry
  • MARZENA MIŚKIEWICZ: Andrzej Markowski, Polszczyzna spolegliwa. O języku Dzienników Marii Dąbrowskiej


  • Piotr Żmigrodzki: Polish Academy of Sciences Great Dictionary of Polish – a new beginning
  • Publishing novelties


Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego pochodzących z Funduszu Promocji Kultury

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