Issue No. 2 of the Annual Volume XCIX



  • ANNA NIEPYTALSKA-OSIECKA: Feminism, a female feminist and a male feminist in pragmatic and ethical discourse using the example of selected feminist texts and conservative web portals
    The main goal of the paper is to present the usage of the words feminism and feminist (male and female) in the conservative and feministic discourse based on the analysis of data from texts produced by these different social groups. Selected texts from the National Corpus of Polish, articles from the website and, samples of bishops’ letters to the congregation, comments and statements from feminist press and feminist blogs were qualified for the research. The author tries to answer the question: To what purpose and with what intention do language users from opposite environments use the terms feminism and feminist?
  • JOLANTA SZPYRA-KOZŁOWSKA: Premiera, premierka or pani premier? New feminitives and constraints on their formation in the light of a questionnaire study
    The paper examines the formation of new feminine nouns in contemporary Polish on the basis of an experiment in which a group of 60 students were asked to provide feminine equivalents of 50 masculine nouns which have no such established correspondents in this language. The goal of the study has been to obtain answers to the following questions:

    • Which of the two tendencies: feminization (forming feminine nouns) or neutralization (using masculine nouns generically) do the experimental data support?
    • Which of the possible feminitives, allowed by Polish word-formation, are selected by the participants most frequently?
    • What is the role of semantic, pragmatic, morphological and phonological constraints on the formation of feminine nouns found in the literature in the respondents’ decisions?

    The experimental data show a strong tendency towards feminization and a diminishing role of various constraints on their formation, semantic and morphological factors in particular. The respondents made also choices from among alternative options verifying thus many new proposals put forwards in this respect.

  • HANNA PUŁACZEWSKA, ALBERT TERELAK: Environmental and cognitive predictors of Polish language skills and knowledge about Poland in children of Polish emigrants in Regensburg
    The study aims at identifying socio-demographic, social and attitudinal correlates of Polish language skills and knowledge about Poland in a sample of 41 teenagers aged 13–18 whose mothers migrated to Germany from Poland and who have been raised in Regensburg, Germany, since birth or infancy. Stepwise forward analysis was used to estimate the association between a range of socio-demographic, attitudinal and developmental
    factors on the one hand, and a range of skills on the other. Cluster analysis followed, confirming the outstanding role of maintenance of a long-term friendship with an age peer in Poland which had been identified as a strong predictor of four out of five competences.
  • JERZY GASZEWSKI: What does po mean? The empirical quest for the main meaning of the Polish preposition po
    The article reports on a simple psycholinguistic experiment which aimed to reveal the main meaning of the Polish preposition po on the basis of example sentences provided by informants. The inspiration comes from Taylor’s (1989) description of a similar experiment as well as discrepancies between the analyses of po to date. The concept of main meaning adopted in the article is that of immediate association with the word. The experiment is a way of objectivizing this subjective criterion. The results show that “succession in time” (in English expressed by after) is the main meaning of po. This largely contradicts earlier cognitive analyses which assume the spatial domain to be basic and hence take the spatial meaning of po as the main one.
  • PRZEMYSŁAW DĘBOWIAK: Houndstooth and its other denominations in a multilingual perspective
    The aim of the article is to determine the etymology of the names of houndstooth in European languages. A short history of this pattern, more and more popular in recent years, is presented in the text. The main part of the article consists of discussing the designations of houndstooth from a semasiological perspective. This perspective was adopted due to the fact that, in European languages, one can distinguish between several groups of names based on the literal meaning of every name. Polish designations of houndstooth were taken from the German, French and English languages as loanwords or calques.
  • JOLANTA MĘDELSKA, MAREK MARSZAŁEK: Phraseology of the Kresy Północne (Northern Borderlands) dialect. Problems of a traditional description and an outline of a formalization project
    Since the appearance of the linguistic surveys by Bogusławski et al., interest in multiword linguistic units has grown among linguists. However, researchers have focused their attention almost exclusively on phrasemes in standard Polish, and the phraseology of the Northern Borderlands has remained essentially unstudied. The authors have conducted a review of the few recorded Northern Borderlands phrasemes and demonstrated that they present researchers with more problems than the multiword expressions from the ethnic majority areas. A proper description of these requires the availability of a rich list of examples that are geographically
    varied and dated, as well as the availability of relatively complete studies of Russian, Belorussian and Lithuanian phraseology. The authors hold two vast card indexes of Northern Borderlands phrases. In the article, they outline a concept for a formal description of this material based on the work of A. Bogusławski.
  • EWA ROGOWSKA-CYBULSKA: Twixnijmy to razem... About formative verbal derivatives in the texts of advertisements
    The article concerns functioning formative verbal derivatives in the texts of advertisements. The author notices that a persuasive value is placed in the following usages of formatively divided verbs in the texts of advertisements: formative neologisms (e.g. twixnąć), formative contamination (e.g. GGadać), formative reinterpretations (e.g. REALizuj – allegedly created from the name of the chainshop Real), text emphasis of real formative structure (e.g. STOPujemy, nawadnia woda), text vicinity of verbal derivatives and different than their basic words belonging to the same formative family (e.g. przyjeżdżasz wyjeżdżasz), using verbs with identical formants (e.g. zrealizuj zbuduj). It occurs that persuasive text activity of verbal derivatives is significant, but the means of formative persuasion, which is characteristic only of verbs, is only a juxtaposition of perfective and imperfective verbs in the same text.


  • MIROSŁAWA SIUCIAK: Twentieth-century Polish in a diachronic perspective: A research proposal
    The article offers an approach to studying the Polish language of the 20th century which can be now classified as a historical resource. The project fits into the tradition of examining the Polish language from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries that has been established and developed in the Katowice centre for historical linguistics. For the author, the key research goal is to show the most significant changes within the 100-year period, focusing predominantly on phonetic, inflective and lexical changes. To some extent, these phenomena have already been the subject of linguistic research, but they have never been fully documented using empirical data. Thus, the author proposes to base the analysis of linguistic changes on a wide range of empirical material coming from the 19th-century press.


  • ANETA LEWIŃSKA, LUCYNA WARDA-RADYS: Ewa Rogowska-Cybulska (21 V 1962 – 27 I 2019)


  • JADWIGA WANIAKOWA: Halina Pelcowa, Słownik gwar Lubelszczyzny, t. V: Świat roślin
  • PIOTR ŻMIGRODZKI: On the correspondence of linguists


  • P.Ż.: Council for the Polish Language, term of office No.7
  • A report on the activities of TMJP in 2018 (abbreviated)
  • TMJP – current affairs
  • Publishing novelties


Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego pochodzących z Funduszu Promocji Kultury

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