Issue No. 3 of the Annual Volume XCVI


  • HALINA PELCOWA: Local dialect – legacy still alive or forgotten?
    The article sets out to answer the question regarding the status and place of the local dialect in the linguistic reality of today, in contemporary society, culture and civilization as well as in global, regional and local space. Is it perceived as linguistic and cultural legacy or an undesirable burden with no legacy and identity? The thesis is corroborated by exposing various attitudes towards the local dialect: acceptance, negation and rejection, unawareness, evasion, vague and forgotten legacy. The conclusion to be drawn points to the ambivalent perception of the local dialect, ranging from acceptance to complete negation, with the emphasis on legacy still alive and permanently embedded in the linguistic structure of place and region.
  • RENATA KUCHARZYK: The place of local dialect forms in colloquial language (as exemplified by Internet forums)
    The subject of the article is the presence of dialectal features in the colloquial language. Local dialects are indubitably recessive systems, but the process of their disappearance is slower than it may seem. Some properties of local dialects are strong and present in the widely understood colloquial communication. Local dialect forms are introduced into utterances either in order to stylize them or as a result of the language users’ insufficient competence. The issue was discussed on the basis of the material excerpted from the Internet forums.
    The author presents selected dialectal features within the area of phonetics, morphology and lexis that were found in the Internet users’ posted messages.
  • ZOFIA SAWANIEWSKA-MOCHOWA: Ethnographic sources and folkloric texts as an empirical basis for the dictionary of a dialect (on the example of the Kujawy region)
    The article discusses the issues of using the ethnographic material and folkloric texts in the dictionaries of dialects. The aforementioned problems have been present in the scientific discourse since 1970s. Those issues are echoed in the selection of sources creating the empirical base for the dictionary of culture and dialect of Kujawy. A lexicon that records dialectal vocabulary of different chronology allows such “crossing” of dialectological and ethnographic data. The collection of dialectal texts from Kujawy is too limited to constitute the basis of analyzed vocabulary. Thus, the lexicon of dialectal vocabulary will be in that case based on many specialist studies in the field of verbal folklore and material culture of the villages of Kujawy. For example, the word pindyrynda was chosen to show how to reconstruct a polysemic name, when dialectological data are combined with ethnographic ones.
  • MADINA ALEKSIEJEWA: The distribution of past tense verbal forms ending in -li/-ły) in the Polish dialect of Wierszyna village (Irkutsk region, Russia)
    The article describes the distribution of gender depending past tense verbal plural forms (ending in -li/-ły) in the Polish dialect of Wierszyna village in Syberia, Russia. With the elimination of the distinction between masculine personal and non-personal nouns in the plural, gender depending verbal forms tend to change their distribution. The distribution of predicates ending in -li/-ły seems to depend on the syntactic sentence type. That tendency is proved by the statistics of verbal forms usage in the analyzed idiolects.
  • KATARZYNA KONCZEWSKA: The diversity of Polish dialects in the Grodno region. Polish language of the nobility from the area of the Indura city (“szlachta zaindurska”)
    The paper presents the results of the linguistic research carried out at the very Grodno region in the summer 2015. Through the investigation of the old historical documents and other sources the author identified the areas of concentration of the Polish nobility old settlements near Grodno. The special interest is devoted to the language of the Indura city nobility living on the river Swisłocz. The sociolinguistic characteristics; phonetic and grammatical features of the language, as well as the glossary of the local population are discussed and presented in the article.
  • KAZIMIERZ SIKORA: Gbury, dziwki, patole, zwyrole i ćwoki (kerns, wenches, lowlives & nobs) – about successful career of some quasi-vernacular Polish expressivisms
    The article investigates the provenance of a distinctive group of Polish expressive lexemes connected with the countryside and its vernacular. All of them are featured by emotionally marked words expressing i.e. contempt, disregard, pity. This negative meanings did not use to exist within the vernacular, i.e. gbur (kern), kmiot/kmieć (yokel), bamber (homesteader), wieśniak (yahoo/redneck), dziewka (wench – transformed in Polish into bitch); similarly – some expressive units with suffixes: -ol, -ok, -orz. Contemporarily, by contrast, they serve as a means of linguistic aggression, being used to insult and depreciate recipients. According to the author, such change may be incentivised by rural tone of these words and derivational suffixes, and intensified with negative connotations of the countryside. As proven in the article, this phenomenon is not new in the Polish language. It is the result of many centuries of deprivation of the Polish countryside and its peasantry and, thereby, the existence of multifold negative stereotypes about this social environment.

  • BOŻENA SIERADZKA-BAZIUR, JOANNA DUSKA, KRYSTYNA KAJTOCH, DOROTA MIKA: Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish – characteristics
    The article presents the research project of the electronic Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish (Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego) prepared in the Institute of Polish Language at the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow. This dictionary is based on The Old Polish Dictionary and The Supplement (Verba absentia),part I. The Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish which includes the oldest known Polish vocabulary – from the beginning of the Polish language to the end of the fifteenth century. The main aim of this project was to assign each lexical unit to the separate conceptual categories. The semantic structure of this dictionary is based on a hierarchical system created by R. Hallig and W. von Wartburg. This dictionary also contains the grammatical and structural classification of medieval vocabulary. The Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish has 22 735 entries, and within 54 038 lexical units. Each meaning and function is illustrated by one example given in transliteration and in transcription.
  • PRZEMYSŁAW DĘBOWIAK, JADWIGA WANIAKOWA: Bakłażan and oberżyna – primitive common origin of Polish names of the eggplant
    The article deals with the origin of two names of the eggplant (Solanum melongena), commonly used in contemporary Polish: bakłażan and oberżyna. A detailed study of the history of both terms in the wider context of other European languages allows for the explanation as to why they are synonymous.
  • JERZY REICHAN: The meditation over Porównawczy słownik trzech wsi małopolskich [The comparative dictionary of three villages of Little Poland] by Marian Kucała
    The article shows the great scientific value of the Marian Kucała’s dictionary entitled Porownawczy słownik trzech wsi małopolskich [The comparative dictionary of three villages of Little Poland] (Kucała 1957) in which the author of the dictionary presents the vocabulary of his native village Więciórka and two other villages of southern Little Poland. The author of the article particularly shows that thematic order of Kucała’s dictionary simplifies to some extent the investigation of the dialect synonimy. For example, in this article a group of synonyms denoting the various ways of speaking is discussed, e.g. bebłać ‘to speak indistinctly’, huczeć ‘to speak very loudly’, satrzyć ‘to speak quickly and indistinctly’. The article shows that Kucała’s Dictionary is of great scientific value, because: 1) it contains the whole dialect vocabulary which was noted and elaborated in the native village by Kucała, who was an autochthon and eminent dialectologist 2) the thematic order was applied in the Dictionary for the first time in Polish dialectology 3) the author of the Dictionary compared the vocabulary of Więciórka with the vocabularies of two other villages of southern Little Poland where he himself collected the necessary data. Owing to these qualities Kucała’s Dictionary became an outstanding work of Polish dialectological lexicography in the middle of the 20th century, a model of elaboration for numerous future lexicographers-dialectologists.


  • MARIA MALEC: Professor Maria Karpluk (30 X 1925–2 I 2016)
  • PIOTR ŻMIGRODZKI: A bit of remembering Professor Witold Mańczak


  • ANNA NIEPYTALSKA-OSIECKA: Whom or what can we zaorać?


  • JADWIGA WRONICZ: Zofia Korzeńska, Z dawnych lat. Gwara i obyczaje wsi Mazury (zapamiętane z dziecka i młodości), cz. 1–2
  • ANNA KOSTECKA-SADOWA: Justyna Kobus, Kierunki i dynamika zmian w języku mieszkańcow wielkopolskich wsi na przełomie wieków XX i XXI
  • MAREK ŁAZIŃSKI: Słownik nazw żeńskich polszczyzny, ed. Agnieszka Małocha-Krupa


  • KAZIMIERZ SIKORA: 2nd Krakow Dictation and celebrations of the Mother Tongue Month at Jagiellonian University
  • RENATA MAKAREWICZ: A report from the academic conference Language and Education. Teaching a Mother Tongue in (Post)modern Times, Opole, May 19–20, 2016


  • Publishing novelties