Issue No. 3 of the Annual Volume XCVIII


  • BEATA MILEWSKA: Communication functions of the particle w istocie
    The text includes an analysis of the communication functions of the particle w istocie – as a content hierarchy operator and a persuasive metaoperator. This action results from the semantics of the particle in which there is a polemic with other opinions. The judgement given with the particle represents the truth-essence (the truth from the deeper level of reality) as opposed to the truth-appearance (the phenomenon perceived sensually).
  • ALINA WRÓBLEWSKA, ALEKSANDRA WIECZOREK: The morphosyntactic status of jako in contemporary Polish
    The article examines which part of speech class the Polish lexeme jako belongs to and what grammatical function it has in the sentence. Based on the analysis of 250 sentences containing jako, a classification of jako and a dependency annotation schema of sentences with jako are proposed. The lexeme jako belongs to the class of pseudo-predicatives containing uninflecting, non-autonomous, cohesive, non-governing, non-coordinating and non-subordinating entities. According to the proposed schema, the pseudo-predicative jako may depend on a noun form, an adjective form or a verb form. Its dependent may be, in turn, realised as one of the following phrase types: nominal, numeral, adjectival, prepositional or verbal. The jako-expression has the modifier function if it depends on a noun or an adverbial function if it depends on a verb.
  • DONATA OCHMANN, PATRYCJA PAŁKA, AGATA KWAŚNICKA-JANOWICZ: Krakus, krakauer, krakowianin and krakowiak – names of a Krakow’s inhabitants and their self- and hetero-stereotypes
    The aim of the article is a reconstruction of the lingual stereotype of an inhabitant of Cracow. The authors take into consideration both an internal perspective of the local community and an external perspective of people who do not belong to this social group. For our research we have chosen names of Cracow’s inhabitans – krakus and krakuaer, as opposed to krakowianin that are carriers of local cultural and historic heritage. Therefore, in the analysis, the authors take a semasiological point of view investigating in texts subtle semantic differences between the mentioned lexemes, consequently recreating the stereotypical image of an inhabitant of Cracow. The material analyzed in the article consists of regional literature, texts from the National Corpus of Polish, other internet texts and results of survey research.
  • EWA BADYDA, LUCYNA WARDA-RADYS: Jokingly, but seriously – references to the Polish political reality in the toponyms of the fictional country of San Escobar
    A language mistake of the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski, who in January 2017 listed San Escobar among the states of Central America, triggered a wave of jokes on the Internet which turned into a collective play aimed at the detailed creation of a non-existent state. Among other things, a map of the country was developed. There are almost 300 playful proper names on the map, most of them containing legible semantic references. In the article, the authors analyze the group names which include references to Polish politics: characters, quotes, slogans and political themes, showing how the creation of the names became a way of expressing a mocking and critical attitude towards the current governing authorities.
  • EWA FICEK, JOANNA PRZYKLENK: The structural component of language advice – yesterday and today (still about an “old” genre in new media)
    The authors look into changes which occurred in textual and genre defined language advice and attempt to confront its press and electronic modes of existence (the sources of this comparison were pieces of language advice published in the journal Język Polski and on two websites offering linguistic help). The structural component of the genre became the subject of a detailed investigation. First of all, such elements were discussed as: the bimodular layout of linguistic advice; the mutual references between a question addressed to an expert and varied structured professional answer; and the textual efforts to weaken the interim character of the given solutions. Some attention has also been paid to popularising the correct language forms and to the intertextual facet of answers and/or questions.
  • RENATA KUCHARZYK: New uses of the humanistyczny adjective in the contemporary Polish language
    The subject of the article is the semantic development of the adjective humanistyczny. This word is more and more often found in collocation that differ from those traditionally recorded in Polish e.g. humanist wedding, humanist funeral. It is connected with the appearance of new phenomena in the social realm (alternative forms of marriage, funeral, etc.) and the impact of English.
  • EWA DEPTUCHOWA, MARIUSZ FRODYMA: Glossed Latin rosarii as a source in the research on the medieval Polish language
    The aim of this paper is a presentation of the sources on which our research is based. They are medieval Latin vocabularies with Polish glosses, the so-called rosarii. We collect data on the authorship, origin, chronology, place of storage etc. of these sources. This is to show the relationships between rosarii and connections with the medieval Western lexicography.
  • KATARZYNA KONCZEWSKA: Language consciousness of Poles in the Grodno region at the beginning of the national revival
    The article represents the attitudes of Poles in the Grodno region towards Polish language at the beginning of the national revival in Belarus, in the 1990s of the 20th century. Archival issues of the first Polish newspaper of Poles in the Grodno region Głos znad Niemna were the source material for the exploration. The data presented for the first time in the literature of the subject will allow for a better understanding of the dynamics of changes in the functioning of the Polish language in the area depicted.
  • MAGDALENA OSOWICKA-KONDRATOWICZ: The importance of folk songs in the formation of children’s phonological awareness
    In this article the legitimacy of using folk songs to form phonological awareness among children at preschool and early-school age was shown. It was depicted what competence and skills are activated when children learn local dialect texts and sing folk songs. It was concluded that a properly selected folk song can be an effective form of phonological awareness practice in the process of language acquisition by children.
  • IRENA JAROS: Polish dialectal nicpoty(m)
    The author tries to determine a range of occurrence of the word nicpoty(m) on the Polish ethnic and linguistic territory.This word originated from a pronominal phrase nic po tym/tem that in various morphological variants (nicpotym, nicpotem, nicpoty) is used in dialects in the function of an adjective/adverb describing a worthless, meaningless thing/activity, or in the function of a noun naming a man who is a good-for-nothing, rascal or hooligan. Today these forms are considered as regionalisms from Wielkopolska but in the past they were known in the bigger area of Poland covering its western and southern parts and were used in common Polish. To determine their originally furthest range of functioning the author had to analyse nationwide and dialectal philological sources both historical and contemporary.


  • TOMASZ JELONEK: Tadeusz Lewaszkiewicz, Język powojennych przesiedleńców z Nowogródka i okolicy


  • TADEUSZ PIOTROWSKI: New dictionaries of West Slavic languages
  • Publishing novelties
  • Kazimierz Nitsch and others. Sad anniversaries 2018


Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego

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