Issue No. 4 of the Annual Volume XCVIII


  • SEBASTIAN PRZYBYSZEWSKI, MONIKA CZEREPOWICKA, IWONA KOSEK: Status of the verb form kole in contemporary Polish language
    The paper is devoted to the analysis of the string kole in contemporary Polish. Among other occurrences, the word is an element of the following phrases: coś kłuje / kole kogoś w zęby (‘sth isnot to sb’s taste’, lit. sth stings sb’s teeth),coś kłuje / kole kogoś w oczy (‘sth irritates sb’, lit.sth stings sb’s eyes). In theGrammatical Dictionary of Polish Language (, kole is treated as non-inflected, isolated form that appears solely in the proverbial phrase prawda w oczy kole (‘the truth hurts’, lit. the truth stings eyes). Verification of this claim is the aim of the paper. In the first part of the article, historical outline of the analysed item is presented and in the second part, contemporary usages found in corpora and dictionaries are scrutinized. The analysis proves that there are more verbal forms based on the same stem as kole in contemporary Polish, in both phraseological and non-phraseological contexts. Thus, it should not be treated as an isolateditem. The authors suggest that forms of the type kole / kol should be treated as variants of the type kłuje / kłuj. Neither in the system of language, nor in the language usage, one can find sufficient evidence for a full paradigm alternative to contemporary prevailing type kłuje / kłuj, therefore one cannot assume existence of a distinct verbal lexeme.
  • PIOTR WOJDAK: When with one dot, when with two? On the tongue root position during the articulation of dependent variants of vowels
    The vowels articulatively dependent on the tongue root position changed in relation to the basic vowels – mainly due to the nearness to soft speech sounds, but also some semivowels/glides – are marked in the Slavic phonetic alphabet with one or two dots. This double convention is not adequately explained in the Polish phonetics (a certain exception is the work of Madelska and Witaszek-Samborska, 1998). Also in the works in which – as part of the API [the International Phonetic Alphabet] – dot-shaped diacritics are not used, relations between types of articulation shifts of Polish vowels: vowel increasing, vowel breaking and vowel reduction are unclear. Meanwhile, one dot should be translated as an increase in articulation in the absence of vowel breaking ([ė], [ȯ]), two dots – as its vowel breaking (with an increase as an indifferent attribute: [ä] and [ö] are vowel breaking, [ü] – no). If we also include the retracted vowel [ë], then the two dots must be recognized more broadly – as vowel reduction (vowel breaking or retraction).
  • ALICJA NOWAKOWSKA: Nominalisation of verb-based common comparisons
    aim of this article is to find the answer to the question whether common verb-based comparisons are subject to nominalisation based on the use of word-formation processes. Previous research done by professor Stanisław Bąba contradicted this. However, the material gathered primarily by the author from Internet resources confirms that in contemporary Polish morphological nominalisation is used in a broader range in case ofcomparisons, e.g. siedzieć jak na rozżarzonych węglach siedzenie jak na rozżarzonych węglach ( to be like a cat on hot bricks → being like a cat on hot bricks).
  • TATIANA KANANOWICZ: Ideological battle on the pages of weeklies “Newsweek Polska” and “Sieci”: kaczyzm vs układ
    In the article the author analyzes some ideologemes of the current political discourse in Polish print media which are the basis of narrationof two competing weeklies – Newsweek Polska and Sieci prawdy. The linguistic analysis of the semantic field of the ideologemes is prefaced with a brief description of the political and media situation in Poland, underlining the dichotomy in political and media spheres affecting the narration in print media.
  • JOANNA GINTER: About communication on blog pages dedicated to language accuracy – introductory remarks
    This article has reviewed blogs about language correctness, classified by the following types: expert blogs (written by the scientists, language and communication researchers), professional blogs (whose authors are editors and proofreaders – people working with language) and amateur blogs (written by people interested in language, dealing with it not scientifically or professionally but as a hobby). The aim of this paper is to show how the authors of these blogs communicate with the readers.
  • EWA WOŹNIAK, RAFAŁ ZARĘBSKI: On usefulness/uselessness of lexicographical sources in the 19th century research on legal terminology
    The article deals with the use of lexicographical sources in the research of the 19th century legal terminology. The aim of the study is to find out whether the authors of 19th century dictionaries used legal documents from the times of the Duchy of Warsaw and Kingdom of Poland. If so, it would mean that the old lexicography documented undergoing changes of the semantics of terms and frequency of their use. Another aim was to assess the usefulness of dictionaries as the source of information on old legal lexis. The authors demonstrate that the old dictionaries are not a fully reliable source in the description of the then unstable legal terminology because of their compilation nature; therefore, researchers have to refer to specific texts, including those ones.
  • EWA ZMUDA: Comments about death and dying in seventeenth-century monastic meditations (selected aspects)
    The aim of this article is a philological analysis of the descriptions of death and dying in religious meditations. The subject of the research are seventeenth-century meditation manuscripts, authored by nuns from the order of Benedictine sisters which are kept in the archives of the abbey of St. Wojciech in Staniątki. The analysis of lexis refers to such areas as: naming death, traits of death, feelings accompanying thinking about death, preparing for death and invoking authority. It also includes the most important information about the social group of nuns and its language. The conducted analysis shows that the perception of death during religious formation is shaped almost anew, the main reason being the goals set for the nun (mainly the pursuit of holiness). Therefore, the nun should first of all strive for the so-called death of saints and work out some kind of indifference to death.
  • KATARZYNA JASIŃSKA, MAGDALENA KLAPPER, DOROTA KOŁODZIEJ: Polish glosses in the 15th century rosarii – concept of source material analysis
    The authors present the concept of using the database in comparative research of Latin documents with Polish glosses. Research is conducted on the basis of the Polish vocabulary from the 15th century copies of the Vocabularius ex quo. Referring to the previous forms of publication ofPolish glosses such as various editions and the entries of the Old Polish Dictionary, the authors show a new method of the source texts analysis. The XYZ project is based on this approach. The information gathered in the database will enable researchers to determine relations between particular copies. Additionally, it allows to systematize and describe the recorded linguistic material.
  • JUSTYNA B. WALKOWIAK: Imagined hodonymy: a guidebook to non-existent Vilnius
    The article discusses Lithuanian street names of interwar Vilnius as they appeared in a 1938 guidebook by J.V. Narbutas, written on the advice of M. Biržiška. In such form, they had never been in official use before. Nearly 60 per cent were translated from Polish to Lithuanian, but almost 40 per cent were new names. The aim was to replace the Polish cultural landscapewith a Lithuanian one, yet a few culturally neutral onyms (e.g. Świerkowa ‘Spruce Str.’, Tramwajowa ‘Tramway Str.’)disappeared too. Some new names were coined by metonymy (e.g. Lwowska ‘Lviv Str.’ > Ukrainų ‘Ukrainian Str.’). Oftenan attempt was made to retain phonetic similarity (Saska Kępa > Sausas Kampas ‘Dry Corner’), and to find namesakes of similar type (e.g. a Lithuanian priest instead of a Polish one) or importance.


  • WALDEMAR CZACHUR: Kinga Zielińska, Druga twarz tabloidu? Językowe działania autoprezentacyjne podejmowane przez dzienniki Fakt i BILD-Zeitung jako przedmiot badań mediolingwistyki porównawczej
  • MAGDALENA PUDA-BLOKESZ: Powiedziane po krakowsku. Słownik regionalizmów krakowskich, red. Donata Ochmann, Renata Przybylska


  • PIOTR ŻMIGRODZKI: 7th scientific conference from the series A gloss on lexicography: Lexicography in different contexts, Warsaw, September 24–25, 2018.


  • P.Ż.: A triple anniversary of linguistic compendia
  • JAN MIODEK: Is it already a punctuation mannerism?
  • Publishing novelties
  • Acknowledgements and a list of supporting members
  • A list of reviewers of the annual volume XCVIII


Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego pochodzących z Funduszu Promocji Kultury

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