Issue No. 5 of the Annual Volume XCIV

  • H. GÓRNY: Proper names in an epistolary text and Witkacy's idiolectal peculiarities – illustrated with an example of Letters to the wife written in the years 1923–1939
    In the article the occurrence of proper names in the letter structure, conceived as a genre of text, taking into consideration aspects that determine the genelogical identity of the family epistolary text, is being discussed. So the onyms that occur in opening and closing phrases and in the bodies of letters were shown and the propria characteristic of the colloquial variant of the language, but with clearly marked features of Witkacy’s idiolect, were described. Attention was also paid to the names included in the structures that imply dialogicality of the monologue text or that profile the recipient as well as to the onyms in the documentary and factual dimension.
  • M. KASZA: The possibility of using an automatic analysis of the sources in the National Corpus of Polish when selecting qualifiers for lexical items
    This paper refers to the attempt of examining the possibility of using corpus tools when allocating lexemes in the general dictionary. A few groups of lexemes from The Great Dictionary of Polish were used in the analysis. They received one of the following qualifiers: daw. (archaic), książk. (formal), pot. (informal), nauk. (science), anat. (anatomy), biol. (biology) and mat. (mathematics). The study aims to check how the verification of the attendance of lexemes in different types of sources in The National Corpus of Polish may influence an objective criterion of allocating lexemes to the general dictionary.
  • R. KUCHARZYK: Formations with the -ok suffix in colloquial Polish
    The article concerns the occurrence in the Polish colloquial language of the new type of word formations with the -ok suffix. The occurrence of this suffix results from the influence of Polish local dialects. The -ok formant to which this article refers is the result of phonetic changes to the -ak suffix. In certain local dialects this suffix is pronounced with the vowel that is very similar or even identical to o, as a result of which -ak > -ok. The derivatives such as wsiok, jabcok, pijok are more and more popular in colloquial communication. Numerous examples of such formations may be found in the Internet language. Words with the -ok suffix also appear in literary texts and in the press, which confirms the fact that the formant has become very popular.
  • M. ŚWIĘCICKA, M. PEPLIŃSKA-NARLOCH: The Bydgoszcz residents creativity in language naming processes (on the basis of names for the „Aquarium and Terrarium” pavilion in the Polish Fauna Garden in Bydgoszcz)
    The main aim of the present work is an attempt to review and classify the proper names for the „Aquarium and Terrarium” pavilion. The names were submitted by the inhabitants of Bydgoszcz within the „Competition for the name of the pavilion in the Polish Fauna Garden in Bydgoszcz”, organized in November 2012 by the Mayor of Bydgoszcz. The typology is based primarily on the semantic criterion according to which the individual names were included in specific groups with common or similar motivation. Also the structural criterion was not without significance in the classification of the names. The submitted proposals may be considered chrematonyms. The submitted proposals of names constitute a rich and varied set, they are a result of a variety of choices in which information about the word is connected with the information about the object, but also they go beyond the object itself on the basis of associations with the mental images (imaginative) referring to various pieces of extra-linguistic reality. In many cases they refer in a wide range to the communicative competence of the Polish language users, to their knowledge, firmly embedded in the socio-cultural context, which allows them to use various sign systems functioning in a certain community. Literature, cinema, television and the Internet can be such systems. A characteristic feature of the submitted nominations is also crossing the linguistic boundaries, which results in forming multilingual names. On the one hand the submitted names are original and in many cases reveal the language creativity of their authors, on the other hand – they reflect broader trends in naming.
  • M. DAWIDZIAK-KŁADOCZNA: Appeal from Jasna Góra – a collection genre
    The article touches upon the appeal from Jasna Góra, which has been treated as a collection genre including a hymn, a prayer, a sermon and a blessing. At first the author discusses the genre structure of the appeal and focuses on both the canon model and its alternations which determine the identity of the structural model. Special attention has been paid to the delimitation frame, features of a homily and the prayer segment as well as their interplay. The pragmatic aspect is very interesting, especially the complex sender-receiver relations, the effect of the presence of dialogue, a variety of people and a wealth of speech acts. The analysed texts represent the religious style whose most important features are: formulaic discourse, special terminology, metaphors, schematic character. In the cognitive aspect we observe the Christian (especially Roman Catholic) and national point of view. Also liturgical time is a very important category.
  • M. RYCHŁO: The change from PIE *p to PGmc *f in Polish-English cognates: etymons with a different morphological structure and later changes that modified the effects of Grimm's Law
    The present paper is the second in the series devoted to the traces of Grimm’s Law in Polish-English cognates. Like the first, it concentrates on the change of PIE *p to PGmc *f, but this time the focus is on the cases which pose some methodological difficulties. Firstly, the paper discusses less transparent juxtapositions of cognates which descend from incongruous morphological structures or etymons exhibiting different ablaut grades, but sharing the same root. Secondly, the paper presents the phonological developments which obscured the sound change of PIE *p to PGmc *f (such as Verner’s Law, the change of PIE *kw > Pre-Gmc *p, simplification of consonant clusters, or analogical changes).
  • P. ŻMIGRODZKI: Professor Roman Laskowski (17 II 1936–21 VI 2014)


  • J. KOWALEWSKA-DĄBROWSKA, Tekst poetycki jako przedmiot badań lingwistycznych. Teoria i praktyka w kontekście semantycznych interpretacji utworów poetyckich Janusza Pasierba oraz Anny Kamieńskiej, by R. PAWŁOWSKA
  • R. ZARĘBSKI, Rzeczownikowe prefiksy obcego pochodzenia w historii języka polskiego, by A. KAWECKA
  • M. MARCJANIK, Słownik językowego savoir-vivreu, by B. ŚCIGAŁA-STILLER
  • E. SĘKOWSKA, Język emigracji polskiej w świecie. Bilans i perspektywy badawcze, by A. MASIEWICZ