Issue No. 5 of the Annual Volume XCV


  • BOGUSŁAW DUNAJ, MIROSŁAWA MYCAWKA: Polish spelling and pronunciation in a historical perspective
    The aim of the article is to define the mutual influence between spelling and pronunciation in the historical development of Polish. At the initial stages of the development of Polish writing (until the middle of the 16th century), spelling was gradually adapted to reflect pronunciation. In later periods, the stabilization of the spelling system resulted in growing differences between pronunciation and spelling. On occasion, the stable spelling system restrained phonetic processes.

  • BARBARA BATKO-TOKARZ: Dictionaries with a hierarchical macrostructure – defining the main terms
    The main concern of this article is the description of various terminology which is used to name dictionaries with a hierarchical macrostructure in Polish lexicography in comparison with similar problems accrued in European lexicography. The first part of this article describes a variety of terms used to name this kind of dictionaries in European lexicography that are employed interchangeably, often as synonyms. This part of the article focuses especially on English language lexicography and pays particular attention to the term thesaurus. It also shows different preferences in the usage of some of the terms mentioned above in different countries in Europe (e.g. French lexicography and Eastern European lexicography).
    The second part of this article focuses on Polish lexicography. This part provides a description of the main terminology such as an onomasiological dictionary and a non-alphabetical dictionary which are sometimes used by linguists as well as of terms more and more often used by lexicographers such as topical dictionaries, thematic dictionaries, thesaurus. It is also shown how often those terms are used and what are the differences in their understanding.

  • BARBARA ŻEBROWSKA: Past and contemporary forms of addressing a mother
    The article aims to present past and contemporary forms of addressing a mother. It describes the structure of those words as well as the main causes of changes in this group in contemporary Polish language. The language material used in the article comes from queries, research and excerpts from existing lexical sources.
  • MAREK MARSZAŁEK: Eastern Slavonic phrasemes in postwar Vilnius Polish
    The article deals with the phrasemes in the standard variety of Vilnius Polish borrowed from Eastern Slavonic languages (Russian or Byelorussian). The author takes the material from books published in Lithuania between 1951 and 1985 (in particular textbooks, medical reference books, collections of plays and stories of manners, methodical reference books and items on agriculture). Phrasemes are classified thematically to present the life areas of Lithuanian Poles where superlexeme borrowings were particularly spread as well as those where they occurred sporadically.
  • HENRI MENANTAUD: Three times NIE: Grammatical qualification of invariable lexemes with the form nie in Polish
    First, the paper critically examines Grochowski (2007) regarding grammatical qualification of invariable lexemes with the form nie in Polish. A new solution of the same problem is then proposed based on the hypothesis that three invariable lexemes with the form nie exist in Polish: NIE1 as an orthotonic verb (Czy to pańskie rękawiczki? – Nie. “Are these your gloves ? – No.”), NIE2 as a rhematizing particle and a non-aggregate proclitic (Nie Jan tańczył wczoraj z Marią. “’It is not John who danced with Mary yesterday.”), NIE3 as a non rhematizing adverb and an aggregate proclitic (Ta szklanka nie jest czysta. “This glass is not clean.”). The hypothesis of Polish negation belonging to a new part of speech is thus rejected.
  • IZA MATUSIAK-KEMPA, MAGDALENA OSOWICKA-KONDRATOWICZ: The historical linguistic interpretation of Polish children's speech development
    The authors of the article indicate the appropriateness of binding the knowledge of descriptive grammar with the knowledge of diachronic processes in the linguistic course in logopaedic studies. The linguistic analysis, including the diachronic analysis, explains a series of phenomena that may be observed both in the development of speech ability among children and in disorders of speech development that some of them experience.
  • JAKUB BOBROWSKI: Linguistic stylisation in historical television series (on selected examples)
    The article is concerned with forms and functions of linguistic stylisation in film dialogues. The opening episodes of the three classical Polish historical series: “Royal Dreams”, “Queen Bona” and “Black Clouds” are analysed. The author describes the grammatical, semantic and pragmatic exponents of the historical stylisation. It turns out that the procedures used by the filmmakers are very similar. The creators of the series harnessed the literary stereotype of Old Polish. Its basic elements are item archaisms, conventional stylistic archaisms, bookish vocabulary and Old Polish courtesy titles. The author believes that the specificity of the audiovisual medium has a significant impact on the linguistic form of dialogues.


  • EMIL POPŁAWSKI, Frazemy z biblijnymi nazwami osobowymi w gwarach polskich,
  • IWONA KAPROŃ-CHARZYŃSKA, Pragmatyczne aspekty słowotwórstwa. Funkcja ekspresywna i poetycka, by RAFAŁ ZARĘBSKI
  • MIROSŁAWA SAGAN-BIELAWA, Dziedzictwo pozaborowe. Społeczna świadomość językowa Polaków w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej, by ANNA TYRPA


  • ANNA SERETNY: For a brighter future of Polish studies in the world. An international conference celebrating 70 years of Professor Władysław T. Miodunka, Krakow 2012

Publishing novelties
Warsaw Department of the Society was established
A list of reviewers of the annual volume XCV
PIOTR ŻMIGRODZKI: Something ends, something begins